Tuesday, September 10, 2013

How To Replace Interior Doors


Looking for an instant home update?  Replace your interior doors!  Next to replacing flooring, there's nothing that can up-date an out-dated home so quickly and effectively as replacing your interior doors.  It can be a little tricky, and requires a little skill in order to do-it-yourself.  I had been waiting to replace the interior doors in my home since the day we moved in, but I knew that it could be a some-what finicky business, and was a little intimidated to take it on by myself.  So naturally, I called in the ultimate DIYer, my Dad - not to do it for me, but to walk me through the process so I could learn how to do it on my own (and of course, I recorded every step for anyone else looking to learn how to do the same!).  Ah, some girls get excited about shopping for shoes, but me, I get excited about learning how to use power-tools!

TOOLS & MATERIALS:

- New interior door the same size (length, width, depth) as your old one
- New interior door knob (opt)
- Drill
- Door-knob installation kit with appropriate hole-saws
- Screw-driver & appropriate bits
- Router
- Sharp chisel & hammer
- Carpenter's rasp
- Hand planer
- Sand-paper
- Carpenter's square
- C-Clamps (at least 2)
- Pencil
- Measuring tape
- Pliers


PROCEDURE:

STEP 1: Remove Old Door-Knob

Start by removing the door knob. Use your screw-driver to un-screw the screws at the base of the door knob (will typically be on one side).  Once the screws have been removed, pull apart the door-knob on either side of the door (should come right out).  If you plan to re-use your old door-knob, place it to the side with the accompanying screws.



Next you will need to remove the interior mechanism of the door-knob.  Slip a long screw-driver (or other long, skinny metal object) into the hole in the middle of the mechanism, place the door in between your feet, grasp either side of the screw-driver and gently tug the mechanism free from the door.  Again, if you intend to re-use your old door knob, place the mechanism to the side with the other parts.


This one was a little stiff, so my Dad used a hammer  to knock it free.

STEP 2: Remove The Old Door

Open the door fully in order to expose the hinges securing the door to the door-jamb, and remove the hinges from the door with your screw-driver (leave the one side attached to the door-jamb).  Set the screws to the side for re-use later on.



STEP 3: Mark Hinge Placement On The New Door

Mark the top of the old door, so you know which way is up (this is particularly necessary on flat door slabs like the ones we were replacing).

Lay the old door on top of some saw-horses (or something else that can hold them up, level and flat for you), and lay the new door directly on top of the old door, top to top, bottom to bottom.  Align all of the edges of the new door to be as flush as possible with the edges of the old door (the most important edges to have flush will be the top and the side with the hinges).  Clamp the doors in place at the top and the bottom.





Use a small carpenter's square to help you align the edges.
Use a piece of scrap against the new door when clamping so as not to damage the new door.

With the doors securely clamped together, stand them on edge, with the hinge side up:


Use your square and pencil to mark the placement of the hinges onto the new door (be precise!):


Remove one hinge from your door jamb (place screws to the side).  Position the hinge on the edge of the new door within the marks you made for it's placement.  Hold the hinge firmly in place and use your pencil to trace it's shape onto the new door:

Make sure the distance from the outer edge of the hinge to the outer edge of the door is the same on the new door as it is on the old door (again, precision is important!) 




STEP 4:  Router Out The Spots For The Hinges

Set your router depth to the thickness of your hinge: 

Starting on the outside edge of the new door on one side of your hinge mark.  Follow the outline of your pencil mark with your router.  Go as far as the middle of the bottom, then start again from the outside edge on the other side and meet up with where you left off on the other side.  

Position your router tip on the inside edge of your pencil mark.
Pull the router along the inside edge of your pencil outline until the middle of the bottom edge of the hinge outline.  Stop.
Repeat the same process this time from the other side of the hinge outline.  Meet where you left off on the other side and stop. 

Once you have the outline of the hinge cut out with the router, go ahead and use the router to clear out the rest of the spot for the hinge.  When you're finished it should look like this:


Place the hinge in the space you have created for it to make sure it fits properly. Make sure the hinge is flush with the edge of the door.  Clear away any rough edges with sandpaper, and make any other necessary adjustments to ensure a good fit.


Repeat the whole process for the other hinge!

*TIP* We free-handed this process, but you can buy a hinge-template for your router which you can attach to your door and follow with your router.  This can help ensure greater accuracy and cleaner edges when cutting out the spots for the hinges.


STEP 5: Secure The New Door Into The Door-Jamb

Once you have finished cutting out the places for your hinges on the new door, un-clamp the doors.  Position the new door into the door-jamb and attach in place by securing the hinges into the new door with screws:

You may want to create shims out of pieces of scrap to help you hold the door in position.

Get excited - but not too excited, you're not finished yet!  


STEP 6: Ensure Door Fits the Jamb Properly

Gently close the door.  If it closes easily and without effort - you're good to go!  If it seems to be catching, sticking, or requires effort to close, carefully inspect the outside edge of the door, where it meets the door-jamb. Look for where the door is stuck, or rubbing against the door-jamb.

Look along the outside edge of the door.  If you can see a slight crack of light coming through - that spot is okay.  If you see no light coming through - that spot is too tight.
In this case, the bottom edge of my door was too tight, and was catching on the door-jamb.  If this happens to you, mark the area where the door is catching:  


Use a carpenter's rasp to very gradually shave down that area of the edge of the door.  Check frequently by closing the door to see if you have been able to rectify the problem.  Keep rasping until the door no longer catches. 



*TIP* If the entire edge of the door is catching - you may want to use a hand-planer to shave down the entire outer edge of the door.

Once the door closes easily and without effort, use some sand-paper to smooth the edge.

*TIP* Remember that you will have to retouch the areas on the door that you have altered with paint, and this will add thickness to the edge of the door - so you may want to sand down the area a little bit more to compensate for the thickness of the paint.


STEP 7:  Install The New Door-Knob

Start by replacing the metal plate for the door mechanism in the door-jamb.  Hopefully, the new plate will be the same shape, size and thickness as the old one, but if it's not you will need to use your chisel to carve out a more appropriate spot in the door jamb.  What's important about this is that the plate is flush with the edge of the door-jamb (if not, your door will catch on it).



With the plate successfully installed, close the door, and mark the center of the plate onto the side of the door:


Open the door and use your square to mark the outside edge of the door:



This next part of the process can be free-handed, but I would suggest saving yourself a world of trouble by purchasing one of these door-lock installation kits available at any hardware store:



Position the door-lock template from your kit on your door (centering it on your mark), and secure in place according to directions:

Place template on door.
Center on your mark.
Secure the template in place according to instructions (mine was secured with screws).
With the template properly positioned and secured in place on your door, use the large hole saw to cut the hole in the side of the door for the door-knob.  You might not get all the way through the door from one side, so go about half-way or so from one side, and then finish it off from the other side:




Next, you'll need to drill the hole for the door mechanism by using the smaller hole-saw in your kit on the outside edge of the door:



Remove the template, and position the plate for the edge of the door (different from the plate for the door-jamb) over the hole on the edge of the door:


Hold the plate in place and trace the edges onto the door with your pencil:



*TIP* My Dad probably couldn't emphasize to me enough how great it is to have a nice sharp chisel for this next part. 

Use your chisel and hammer to carve out the spot for the plate in the edge of the door:

Begin by hammering your chisel straight into the door along your pencil line to cut the outline.
When you have the outline cut with your chisel, position your chisel flat against the door at an angle and gradually shave away the inside to the thickness of the plate.
Next, you will want to insert the door-knob mechanism into the door through the hole in the edge, place the plate over it and see if it will be flush with the edge of the door once screwed into place.  If all is good, go ahead and secure the plate in place with screws.  If it's not quite flush, remove the plate and the mechanism and shave away a little more from the door with your chisel.

Insert the door mechanism.
Position the plate over top of the door mechanism, and check to see if it's flush with the edge of the door.
If all is well, go ahead and secure the plate to the door with screws.

Now you can finally install the actual door-knob!  Poke one side of the door-knob through the side of the door (going through the mechanism inside the door) and join it to the other side of the door-knob.  Secure the door-knob in place at the base with screws.




STEP 8: Check For Door Rattle

Ha!  You probably thought you were done, but there's just one last thing!  Close your door and check to make sure that everything is closing and opening properly.  If your door-knob isn't turning properly take it apart and check to make sure you have it installed properly.  If the door is catching, check to make sure your metal plates are flush, and that there isn't a part of the door that is still rubbing against the door-jamb.  

Last, but not least check to ensure that your door closes effortlessly, but also firmly and securely.  If there seems to be a slight "rattle" when you close it, here's what you need to do to tighten it up:

Remove the metal plate from the door-jamb and use a pair of pliers to bend the little metal tab inside the hole outward a bit.  



Replace the plate on the door-jamb, and try closing the door again.  Hopefully the rattle will be gone, but if it's not, remove the plate again and repeat the process until the door closes with no rattle.


STEP 9: Touch Ups

Very last of all go over your door, jamb, and trim, cleaning up any saw-dust, erasing any pencil marks, filling any cracks/holes, smoothing any rough parts with sand-paper, and touching up any spots that need paint.


STEP 10: CELEBRATE!!! (my favourite part)

Stand back, admire what you have accomplished, and marvel at the difference your new doors make to your home!





28 comments:

  1. Wow..abby i am SPEECHLESS. This is so impressive, love the new look, it is so classy! GREAT WORK girl!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Wow, Wish I would have read this a few years ago before, DH started trying to ween himself of his 2liter a day habit. I filled my freezer with 2 liters of water to keep it running effeciently , and threw out the rest. Thanks for the great ideas.

    Myself Storage

    ReplyDelete
  3. It’s easy enough to follow, but I think if I were to try doing this, something would be off-center and I would be left with a wider hole than I needed or end up destroying the door altogether. Nevertheless, great post! The new doors definitely look better and match the color of the walls better than the wood stained one.

    Rodney

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks for sharing those tips, Abby! You say it like you're an expert in home construction. It's easy to follow, but not everyone has the patience to do it all alone. Aside from skills, replacing a door demands effort as well. It looks like you have it all! Congrats!

    -Danielle Bailey @ VinylumeInc.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Wow. How long did it take you to complete the whole thing? That door template would really come in handy if you plan to make a lot more doors in the near future. Although I might leave the hole-making to those who have a steadier hand. Great post, though. Good luck and have fun with your future DIY projects!

    Willene

    ReplyDelete
  6. You made it look so easy! Great instructions. The upgrade really looks amazing! I've been researching this so much lately for my home. This is another page I thought was helpful. http://thequickdoorhanger.com/changing-doorknob-hole-size/ Keep up the great work!

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thanks for this excellent article sharing ideas on door replacement. Until now, replacing a home door seems to be impossible without the help from a professional. Now I think, we can do this project on our own. The instructions were so easy to understand even for a first timer.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Your blog makes replacing doors seem pretty simple! I tried to do replace our doors during our remodel but had some problems. Wish I would have came across this before.

    Will Jenkins | http://www.duranoticdoor.com

    ReplyDelete
  9. I have great doors already, the problem is that they are a natural wood and they have been lacquered, which is giving them an ugly orange 90's look. I would love to paint them white but I'm afraid of the outcome. What would you do to ensure that they don't turn out gross looking?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Remove the doors from the door jambs, remove all the hardware, sand them (not down to the wood, but enough to rough up the surface), apply 1 coat of good quality primer, and 2-4 coats of a durable white paint in a semi-gloss finish. Use a paint sprayer for a quality, professional looking finish (I suggest practicing with it first if you haven't used one before). Now, here's the big thing: leave the doors to cure for 30 days before re-installing them. I know this seems like an incredibly long time, but if you re-install the doors before the paint has properly cured and hardened, they will get scratched, chipped, banged and rubbed, and start to look terrible. Good luck!

      Delete
  10. This blog is very informative the stuff you provide I really enjoyed reading.UPVC Windows Harrogatee

    ReplyDelete
  11. Thank you very much for your great advice on the door. The technician's job is good but note that this line of work should be done by a professional with an expertise in door installation.
    πόρτα ασφάλειας για διαμερίσματα

    ReplyDelete
  12. You did a really good job at replacing your own door by yourself. It is really cool to see exactly how you can do it all on your own. If I could do something like this on my own, I would be a very happy person. I would then be able to do so much more with my house.
    http://www.doorsgalore.ca/Contact_us.htm

    ReplyDelete
  13. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  14. I love the way these doors turned out. It really does make such a difference for the good. My husband wants to remodel our home, but he doesn't think we need new doors. After seeing this post I will try my best to convince my husband to get new doors. http://www.gainesvillewindows.com/id75.html

    ReplyDelete
  15. Hi Abby! I work with Cassity over at Remodelaholic and we'd love to feature you! We're doing a great door-themed week at the end of this month where your expertise would be perfect! I couldn't find an email address for you, so hopefully you get this comment :) Just email me at hello@remodelaholic.com and we can chat. Thanks!

    ReplyDelete
  16. Looking for an instant home update? Replace your interior doors! Next to replacing flooring, there's nothing that can up-date an out-dated home ... iinteriordoors.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  17. Thank you kindly for your awesome guidance on the entryway. The expert's employment is great however take note of that this line of work ought to be carried out by an expert with an aptitude in entryway establishment.

    Pine Exporters

    ReplyDelete
  18. For better security in your home you must need to install a high quality locks as well as security alarms so that no one will able to come in your property. Also if your home locks are not working properly or you lost your keys then you must hire a professional locksmith to repair those locks.

    ReplyDelete
  19. That color is AWESOME!!!
    I don't think I've ever seen a front door this color so it's very unique...You made it look so easy! Great instructions. The upgrade really looks amazing!

    Hurricane Resistant Entry Door

    ReplyDelete
  20. you Have did a very good job at replacing your own door alone. It is basically cool to determine exactly how one can do it on your own. If I could truthfully do something similar to this by myself, I has to be very satisfied person. I would likely then manage to do a lot more with the house.

    Regards
    Rosy

    ReplyDelete
  21. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Much obliged to you benevolent for your amazing direction on the door. The master's job is extraordinary however observe that this profession should be done by a specialist with an inclination in gateway foundation.

    regards
    mobile9

    ReplyDelete
  23. What a wonderful diy project. Even I can do this with my limited skill. Thank you for showing me how to do it. This information is going to make my life so much easier and my wife so much happier with me. Thank you for a great article explaining it in great detail. Keep up all the hard work. Thanks.

    Earl Mark @ Eastway Lock

    ReplyDelete
  24. Thank you so much for putting this up. This was a project that I wanted to start soon and I just felt lost about where to begin. We have these horrible laminate doors in our home and they just bring the look of the house down a lot. I wanted to find a good slab of wood and make it.

    Giovanni @ Coastal Contract Hardware

    ReplyDelete
  25. Nice to see flush doors removal information.Thank you

    ReplyDelete